10 Interesting facts about Technology
In a world running by internet where availability of everything right from all parts of life to proficient work operations including administration to person to person communication, it is not strange that data is establishment of our aggregate future. Find here idiosyncratic truths about technology which you might find it amazing. These technology facts have been collected from different proven sources which may look weird however these are 100% true. Few of these interesting technology facts have been the gift of integrated circuits and microprocessors which led to modern computer revolution. Later on with invention of printing press made communication possible for scientists and politicians so that they can easily transfer their ideas. This in turn resulted in Age of Enlightenment or can be said technology as a cultural force. In recent mid 20 and 21st centuries humans had achieved mastery in technology sufficient enough to leave atmosphere of earth in order to explore space. Let’s look back into the history to find out amazing facts of science which are weird but true.
10 Interesting facts about technology
1.) Email existed before Internet or world wide web
Email is very old than ARPANet or Internet as we call it right now. This has been evolved from simple beginnings and has been never invented. Email in earlier times were used to put messages in directories spot so that when user logged in gets to about that information. In simple terms it can be explained like leaving a note on someone’s desk. The first email system consisting of this type was known as MAILBOX used in MIT (Massachusetts Institute of Technology) in early 1965. Apart from this there was another early program which used to send messages on the same computer called SNDMSG. With lack of memory and storage system at that time dumb terminals were used which were connected to mainframe computers for memory and storing of data.
Before internet began emails were used to send messages to many users using the same computer. However, with help of internetworking computers began to communicate with each other where the problem became complex on how to send messages with proper address and addressee. For this it was necessary to indicate for whom letters are. This complexity was sorted out by Ray Tomlinson who added some additional features to email systems. It was Ray who picked up @ symbol from keyboard so that it can be easier to denote addressee. Thereafter it when sending emails it was necessary to nominate emails like name-of-the person@name-of-the computer and this has been still in trend till now with fewer modifications.
2.) Domain name registrations were free till 1995
Yes! You heard it correct “FREE”. Before 1995 it was possible for everyone to register a freeDOTcom domain. It all changed when NSF (National Science Foundation) gave the authority to Network Solutions to charge for domain registrations. At that time domains were registered for $100 for two –years. Domain registration started in 1985 when symbolic Inc a computer manufacturer registered a domain name SymbolicsDOTcom which can still be accessed. Symbolics DOT com kept his domain under its supervision for 25 years and later in 2009 XFDOTcom Investments purchased it for an undisclosed sum. In 1998 when Mr. Clinton was Us President at that time he decided to privatize domain naming system (DNS) which was controlled by U.S.A. government. For this Green Paper document was created where the goal was to increase competition in market by encouraging more participation internationally which led to formation of ICANN.
3.) IBM’s hard drive stored 5MB of data and weighed a ton.
World’s first computer storage drive was unleashed in 1956 which was much bigger than a refrigerator and weighed in tons. This hard drive was result of larger machine by IBM 305 RAMAC also known as Random Access Method of Accounting and Control. RAMAC storage device can still be seen in Mountain View, California. Dave Benner and Joe Feng, two engineers in 2002 restored old RAMAC placed in Computer History Museum situated in Mountain View California which still works. IBM’s storage device built in 1956 was made to keep business accounts up to date making them available immediately and hence helped companies from veritable blizzard of paper records. Magnetic disk storage is the result of RAMAC storage device which helped in retrieval of data or information without any delay. 50 vertically stacked disks were covered in magnetic paint and they used to spin at the speed of 1,200 rpm. A mechanical arm was used to store and retrieve data from disks.
4.) Russia designed a computer which ran on water.
Talking about previous days before Intel, Apple and Google, computing was much difficult and was used to be carried out in traditional affair. Older days of computers consisted of levers, gears and other mechanisms automated counting in some or other way. Vladimir Lukyanov, a Russian scientist built a similar traditional computer which ran on water. This computer was built in 1936 with the aim to solve partial differential equations – a complex fundamental problem commonly used in maths, physics or engineering at colleges which will give immense pain in hands and mind when done manually. To solve these differential equations Lukyanov designed this computer which was built with the help of series of interconnected water filled glass tubes. The levels in certain tubes provided answers by adjusting taps whereas plugs were used to change variables.
5.) NASA systems hacked by a 15 year old guy in 1999.
A 15 year old guy named Jonatahan James also known as cOmrade hacked into many companies in 1999 which included Bell South, Miami-Dade school system, United Stated Department of defense and NASA. cOmrade did not messed things however, he read sensitive information which included source code of International Space Station. When NASA knew about this intrusion they shut down their computers for three weeks for investigation of $41,000 loss. James got arrested on January, 2006 and was sentenced to house arrest and probation. Many giant companies of 2007 including Boston Market, Barnes and Noble, Office Max and several others were massively hacked. When asked, James denied any involvement in these hacks. Later on in May, 2008 James was found dead with gunshot wound. He left a suicide note stating he had no faith in judiciary system convincing himself to be prosecuted.
6.) Amazon, Apple, Google and HP companies were started in Garages.
There’s a very nice saying “Everything starts at nothing”. Amazon, Apple, Google and HP giant companies took decades to achieve the success and to get where they are today. These companies never started with an aim to built Amazon, Google, etc. Let’s have a look at past of these companies so that we may know how entrepreneurs have created these companies.
In 1994 Mr. Jeff Bezos founded amazonDOTcom which used to be an online bookstore which was used to run from a garage in Bellevue, Washington. His first online book was sold in July 1995. Later on in 1997 he issued his IPO and now is the world’s largest online retailer.
At the age of 21 and 26, Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak respectively started “Apple” Computers Company by selling 50 units of Wozniak’s Apple. A local retailer purchased 50 units of computers at $500 for each unit. Steve Jobs took the order and went to parts distributor to order parts. Steve Jobs and small apple team built 50 computers in 30 days in garage situated in Cupertino, CA
Google was started in Susan Wojcicki’s garage in 1998 by Stanford Graduate students Larry Page and Sergey Brin. This project was interfering with their school work so they decided to sell this giant search engine to Excite for $ 1 million. Excite at that time rejected this offer and now as we can see that Google is most trafficked website in the world.
Hewlett – Packard
Hewlett-Packard was founded by Bill Hewlett and Dave Packard in 1939 with an investment of $538. Oscillator was their first product and Walt Disney was one of its customers to purchase 8 oscillators for sound systems to be used in movie Fantasia. Palo Alto is also known to be the birthplace of Silicon Valley after foundation of HP which is now is one of the biggest companies in the world.
7.) Two hundred and twenty million tons of Electronic Waste
You will be shocked and surprised to hear that around 40 million tones of electronics and electric E-waste are being produced all over the globe. The largest producer of electronic E waste is United States with two hundred and twenty million tons of Electronic Waste including European countries and a bit contribution of developing countries like China. Out of these only 15.5 % of waste is recycled and the rest are exported to under developing countries like Ghana in West Africa. This place has become an important center for receiving, re-using, recovering and disposing of electronic waste. Many second hand markets can be found in Accra being the capital of all Electronic Waste. It is also known to be enormous and heavily polluted electronic waste dumpsite.
8.) First Mouse Invention
First computer mouse was invented in 1960’s by Mr. Douglas Engelbart. Mouse invented by Douglas was originally referred as “X-Y Position Indicator for a Display System”. The X-Y Position indicator mouse was first used by Xerox Alto computer system in 1973. Using this mouse Douglas showed how moving cursor on screen has become easier. However, Dougla’s mouse never gained popularity as at that time first widely used mouse was founded on Apple Lisa Computer. Design and shape of Douglas mouse consisted of rectangular wood and was much larger than today’s mouse with a small button in top right corner. The cord coming out from back of Douglas X – Y position indicator for display screen reminded him of rodent mouse which the name stuck and has been a lot easier to remember the name till now.
9.) Linux – power source of supercomputers and big IT companies
It is surprising to hear that 9 out of 10 supercomputers in the world run on Linux Operating System. In fact big IT companies like Facebook, Twitter, Amazon, etc. has all been powered up with popular Operating System Linux. Therefore, it leads the industry. People generally consider open source to be much better than proprietary. When Compared Proprietary with Open source we will see that open source has very high advantages and benefits.
10.) First website made in 1991
World’s first website was started and launched on August 6, 1991 by Tim Berners – LEE from a lab in Swiss Alps. This first website can still be visited which was started two decades earlier. This website was generally made to make understand of World Wide Web to newcomers. While working at European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) in Geneva, Switzerland the idea for worldwide network of computers sharing information came into his mind. Thereafter he decided to build a website for easier spread of information where the codes were written on NeXT computer made by Steve Jobs founder of Apple in 1985. Berners –Lee’s website was live in 1991 and gained much more popularity after release of first web browser Mosaic in 1993.